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Predicting healthcare-seeking behavior based on stated readiness to act: Development and validation of a prediction model

A starting point of many digital health interventions informed by the Stages of Change Model of behavior change is assessing a person's readiness to change. In this paper, we use the concept of readiness to develop and validate a prediction model of …

Social engagement early in the U.S. COVID-19 crisis: Exploring social support and prosocial behavior between those with and without depression or anxiety in an online sample

**Introduction:** Social distancing and sheltering-in-place mitigate the physical health risks of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19); however, there are concerns about the impact on mental health and social engagement. **Methods:** We used data from a …

Cognitive restructuring vs. defusion: Impact on craving, healthy and unhealthy food intake

Coping with food cravings is crucial for weight management. Individuals tend to use avoidance strategies to resist food cravings and prevent overeating, but such strategies may not result in the benefits sought. This study compared the effects of two …

Want to see more behavior? Consider institutional-level positive reinforcement

In their review of 160 articles in the *Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science* (*JCBS*), Newsome, Newsome, Fuller & Meyer (2019) argued prior *JCBS* authors have disproportionately relied on self-report measures to the neglect of more overt …

How can process-based researchers bridge the gap between individuals and groups? Discover the dynamic p-technique

Behavioral researchers are concluding that conventional group-based analyses often mask meaningful individual differences and do not necessarily map onto the change processes within the lives of individual humans. [Hayes et al. …

Psychological inflexibility among Hispanic college students: Introducing the 6-item Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Weight-related Difficulties

The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Weight-Related Difficulties (AAQW) among Hispanic college students (*n* = 313). Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor …

Examining self-compassion in romantic relationships

Self-compassion has recently emerged as a component of psychological health. Research on self-compassion processes shows that self-compassion is related to lower levels of psychological distress and higher levels of positive affect. The current study …

A development assets approach in East Africa: Can Swahili measures capture adolescent competencies and ecological experiences?

*Background* Assets-based approaches are well-suited to youth living in majority world contexts, such as East Africa. However, positive psychology research with African adolescents is rare. One hindering factor is the lack of translated measures for …

How Bayesian estimation might improve CBS measure development: A case study with body-image flexibility in Hispanic students

The methods for examining questionnaires in psychology are steeped in conventional statistics. However, many within the social sciences have started exploring Bayesian methods as an alternative to the conventional approach. This paper highlights the …

Measuring social desirability across language and sex: A comparison of Marlowe–Crowne Social Desirability Scale factor structures in English and Mandarin Chinese in Malaysia

Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country in which multiple languages are prominently spoken, including English and Mandarin Chinese. As psychological science continues to develop within Malaysia, there is a need for psychometrically sound instruments …